Thursday, 14 October 2010

How To Make Chocolate Lollipops

Chocolate’s History

We tend to think of chocolate as a sweet candy created during modern times. But actually, chocolate dates back to the ancient peoples of Mesoamerica who drank chocolate as a bitter beverage.For these people, chocolate wasn’t just a favorite food—it also played an important role in their religious and social lives.The first people clearly known to have discovered the secret of cacao were the Classic Period Maya (250-900 C.E. [A.D.]).When mixed with water, Chile peppers, cornmeal, and other ingredients, this paste made a frothy, spicy chocolate drink.Many people in Classic Period Maya society could drink chocolate at least on occasion, although it was a particularly favored beverage for royalty. But in Aztec society, primarily rulers, priests, decorated soldiers, and honored merchants could partake of this sacred brew.Chocolate also played a special role in both Maya and Aztec royal and religious events. Priests presented cacao seeds as offerings to the gods and served chocolate drinks during sacred ceremonies.

The word "chocolate" entered the English language from Spanish.How the word came into Spanish is less certain, and there are multiple competing explanations. Perhaps the most cited explanation is that "chocolate" comes from Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, from the word "chocolātl", which many sources derived from the Nahuatl word "xocolātl" made up from the words "xococ" meaning sour or bitter, and "ātl" meaning water or drink.However, as William Bright noted the word "chocolatl" doesn't occur in central Mexican colonial sources making this an unlikely derivation. Santamaria gives a derivation from the Yucatec Maya word "chokol" meaning hot, and the Nahuatl "atl" meaning water. More recently Dakin and Wichmann derive it from another Nahuatl term, "chicolatl" from Eastern Nahuatl meaning "beaten drink".They derive this term from the word for the frothing stick, "chicoli".

Chocolate has been the center of several successful book and film adaptations. In 1964, Roald Dahl published a children's novel titled Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. The novel centers on a poor boy named Charlie Bucket who takes a tour through the greatest chocolate factory in the world, owned by Willy Wonka. Two film adaptations of the novel were produced. The first was Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, a 1971 film which later became a cult classic. Thirty-four years later, a second film adaptation was produced, titled Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. The 2005 film was very well received by critics and was one of the highest grossing films of its year, earning over US$470,000,000 worldwide.Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was also recognized at the 78th Academy Awards, where it was nominated for Best Costume Design for Gabriella Pesucci.

Chocolate is one of the most popular holiday gifts. On Valentine's Day, a box of chocolates is traditional, usually presented with flowers and a greeting card. It may be gifted on other holidays, including Christmas, Easter, Thanksgiving, and birthdays.

Easy Chocolate Beauty Recipes

Chocolate Facial Recipe

1/3 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
3 Tablespoons heavy cream
2 teaspoons cottage cheese
1/4 cup honey
3 teaspoons oatmeal powder
Mix all ingredients together. Apply to face and leave on for 10 minutes. Dampen with warm, moist wash cloth to remove, then apply moisturizer.

Chocolate Shampoo Recipe

1/4 cup water
1/4 cup castile soap
1/2 teaspoon extra virgin olive oil
1/2 teaspoon jojoba oil
5 drops of chocolate fragrance oil
Mix all ingredients. Pour shampoo into container and let stand for a few hours to thicken. Use as you would your regular shampoo.

Chocolate Body Scrub Recipe

1/4 cup cocoa butter (optional - will make a thicker gel)
3/4 cup liquid castille soap
1/8 cup coarse wheat bran or finely ground almonds
1/4 cup apricot kernel meal
1 Tablespoon unsweetened cocoa powder
2 Tablespoons dark brown sugar
1 Tablespoon jojoba oil
1/2 Tablespoon vitamin E oil
1 1/2 teaspoon chocolate fragrance oil
Melt the cocoa butter over low heat (or at half power in the microwave) until melted. Remove from heat. Add the castille soap and mix well. Stir in remaining ingredients, breaking up any brown sugar clumps. Pour into airtight container and let thicken for a day or two. For added freshness, store in refrigerator.

Chocolate Bath Gel Recipe

1/2 cup water
1 package unflavored gelatin
1/2 cup gentle, unscented shampoo
5-10 drops chocolate fragrance oil
Heat water to boiling, add gelatin and stir until dissolved. Remove from heat, then add the shampoo a little at a time until well mixed. Add fragrance. Pour into a clean container and refrigerate between uses. Consider adding cocoa powder for scent and extra exfoliation.

Kiwua How To Make Cross Friendship Bracelets.

How to Make a Cross Knot Friendship Bracelet

1- Make sure you know how to tie the knots :

  • Knot #1: Make a loop with the first string around the second string. Stick the end of the string that’s making the loop through the loop. Pull both ends of that string tight.
  • Knot #2: Make a loop with all of the strings around your finger,and pull the loop off your finger and put one end of the string through the loop. Pull both ends tight.
2- Let’s pretend that you have purple string and pink string.

  • Cut off three strands from both balls of string that are about 28-30 inches (71 - 76 cm) long each. Use the ruler to measure.
3- Put all of the strings together.

  • Tie “Knot #2" about an inch and a half (3.8 cm) from the top.
4- Take your first color.

  • Pretend that it’s purple. Grab all three strings and tie them around the pink strands making “Knot #1".
5- Take the pink strings and knot them around the purple strings.

6- Keep going until you get a good length.

  • It should look like this close-up at right
7- Make the bracelet as long as you want it to be and tie a “Knot #2" at the end.

  • Tie the ends together with a double-knot to complete the bracelet. Make sure that you can slip it on and off your wrist.
8- Give it to your friend!

Wednesday, 13 October 2010


The tradition of celebrating Friendship Day began in 1935 when the US Congress decided to dedicate a day in the honor of friends. US Congress decided to designate the first Sunday of the month of August as Friendship Day and with a formal proclamation in 1935, officially declared the occasion a holiday dedicated in the honor of friends and friendship. Since then, celebration of National Friendship Day became an annual event. The beautiful idea of having a day in the honor of friends was joyously taken over by several other countries across the world. With more and more nations joining in the celebrations, Friendship Day soon became International Friendship Day. Today, Friendship Day is enthusiastically celebrated every year by many countries. The occasion is observed on the first Sunday of every August. The traditional celebrations include meeting with friends and exchanging of cards, flowers and gifts. In 1997, the United Nations named Winnie - the Pooh, the famous cartoon character as the world's Ambassador of Friendship. The popular customs of Friendship Day includes handing over roses, especially the pink and yellow ones. The day is observed with great exhilaration and merriment, with friends throwing parties. Since its inception in 1935, Friendship Day and Friendship Day celebrations have come a long way. But however much the ways of celebration have changed, the basic idea behind the occasion remains the same. Friendship Day remains the time when you acknowledge your friends' contribution in your life, express love for them, cherish their presence in your life and pay them a tribute.
Today, Friendship Day is being celebrated around the globe, across diverse cultures and social segments.


In this blog I want to write about friendship. For me friendship is a blessed relationship. True friends cannot be purchased anywhere because friendship will only occur when have sincerity. I have four best friends who called Syafiqah, Suhaibah, Syahirah and Nisa. I still remember how I first meet Syafiqah and I always remember the memories. That morning , everyone busy look class shedule and list name which class will be studied. I also would not miss seeing and I my name in list class OM1E. Classes will start in a few minute but I still don't have freinds. Suddenly I saw three friends, two girls and one boy talking in a corner. Then I walked directly towards them along with my pink bag. When I reach in front of them I asking " You all class OM1E?" . One of two girls said " Yes, we all OM1E!" . I am pleased to say " Can I go to class together with all of you? " .The same girl answer can. She seem very friendly. After that, I start to be friends with the girl that name Syafiqah. Syafiqah and me always seated side by side in classes and do work together. We often sit together to hang out to see the behavior people around us. Even though we often fought, and sometimes Syafiqah sulk with me, but after a few days we are talking again as usual. Syafiqah was my first friend at the university and without she, I will feel lonely because no one would be sulk with me.

Suhaibah I've known since we a in a same group for work project. At first I was never directly criticized or even talk with she although we were in the same class. One day we got the same group for the presentation and she asked me to go along with her. Starting after that I continue to be friends with this girls who are interested in Korean singer. I am thankful to be friends with Suhaibah because she was very concerned about the feelings of friends and I can't find anyone to replace her.

Girls with gentle manners when speaking is Nurul Syahirah, I know through Suhaibah Mardzuki. She had never spoken with a high tone and always helping people. That's why I like to friend with she.

I was friends with Nisa through Syafiqah. Nisa was a beautiful girl. Nisa in my opinion was very mature and serious when doing a job. I love to spend time with Nisa because she is a good listener and she is like my sister because like to give advice to me.

I dont't care how their behaviour, I still love them. They are like my siblings without them I was lonely and not happy. You all still remember when we all go out for bowling and karaoke? It currently the most enjoyable and we all have fun. I want to apologize to my four best friends if there don't like my behaviour. I hope our friendship endured to the end of life and I just want to say, " I LOVE SYAFIQAH, SUHAIBAH, SYAHIRAH AND NISA". mmmuuaah......